When deploying fcrepo-camel in karaf, it is possible to copy the compiled jarfile to the $KARAF_HOME/deploy folder, but it would be better to have a features.xml artifact in the maven repository so that you can add (provision) fcrepo-camel support to karaf like you can with other camel artifacts. This is described here: http://karaf.apache.org/manual/latest/users-guide/provisioning.html
Basically, with a features.xml file, deployment consists of:
> feature:repo-add mvn:org.fcrepo.camel/fcrepo-camel/4.0.1/xml/features
> feature:install fcrepo-camel
This would make deployment of fcrepo-camel-based routes significantly easier.